Singular and Plural of Nouns

  •     The plural of nouns is generally formed by adding –S to the singular:

Ex: book   – books, pen – pens, teacher – teachers, student – students

  •     Nouns ending in –S, –SS, -CH, -SH, -X, -O usually form the plural by adding –ES:

Ex: bus – buses, glass – glasses, church – churches, fox – foxes, potato – potatoes

  •     Nouns ending in -Y preceded by a consonant usually form the plural by changing the Y to I and adding –ES:

Ex: story – stories, lady – ladies, city – cities.

  •     Nouns ending in –Y preceded by a vowel usually form the plural simply by adding –S:

Ex: boy – boys, play – plays, day – days, keys – keys

  •     Nouns ending in –F or –FE usually form a plural by changing the F to V and adding –ES:

Ex: wolf – wolves, knife – knives, wife – wives, leaf – leaves

  •     The following nouns have irregular plurals:

Ex: man – men,  woman – women, child – children, ox – oxen, tooth – teeth, foot – feet,

goose –  geese, mouse – mice

  •     A few nouns don’t change in the plural:

Ex: deer – deer, fish – fish, sheep – sheep

  •     Some nouns have a singular form only, therefore they are not used in the plural:

Ex: advice, information, knowledge, news, progress, work, money, luggage, etc.

  •     Some nouns have a plural form only, and are not used in the singular:

Ex: people, riches, clothes, trousers, spectacles, etc.

 

Exercises:

Change the subject of the sentence into a plural and change the verb so it agrees with the subject:

1) The hat was on sale.

2) The day seems long.

3) The bird was singing.

4) The parcel will be delivered next week.

5) The berry was delicious.

6) The key was in the door.

7) The bench was freshly painted.

8) The church was full with people.

9) There was a mouse under the table.

10) The sheep was lost.

11) The policeman regulates traffic

12) There was a party in the city.

 

Answers: (1.The hats were on sale, 2.The days seem long, 3.The birds were singing, 4. The parcels will be delivered next week, 5.The berries were delicious, 6.The keys were in the door, 7.The benches were freshly painted, 8.The churches were full with people, 9.There were mice under the table, 10.The sheep were lost, 11.The policemen regulate traffic, 12.There were parties in the city.)

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