Quantifier is a word or a phrase which tells the amount or quantity of something. We usually use quantifier before a noun:
There were a few plates on the table.
Can I get some sugar, please?
I bought a lot of fish.
Some and Any
We can use some and any before plural of countable and before uncountable nouns.
Some of those students are my friends.
Take any of those books.
We usually use some in positive sentences and any in negative ones.
There was some juice in the bottle but there isn’t any juice now.
I need some flour. I don’t have any.
Much, Many, a Lot of, Lots of
indicate a large quantity of something.
We use much before uncountable nouns, many in front of countable nouns and a lot of & lots of before both countable and uncountable nouns.
Many people, much money, a lot of problems, lots of spilt milk.
(A)Few, (A) Little
A few and a little have a positive meaning. They indicate small quantity of something.
A few rain drops fell on my head.
We have made a little progress so far.
Few and little have a negative connotation, meaning insufficient, not enough.
Few people entered the restaurant. (Very small number, not enough)
There is little entertainment in the village.
Every and Each
We use every and each before a singular noun to talk about an entire group.
Every guest watched as the famous basketball player came in.
Each guest shook hands with him.
All, Whole, Both, Either, Neither
I’ve waited all my life for this moment.
She was crying the whole time.
Both my bicycles are old. I don’t ride either of them and neither of them is in good condition.