Reflexive Pronouns

The reflexive pronouns are:
Singular: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself

Plural: ourselves, yourselves, themselves

Reflexive pronouns are used after certain verbs such as: cut, burn, enjoy, hurt, look at, amuse, dry, kill, satisfy, teach, etc. We use them when the subject and the object of the verb are the same person.

I made myself a salad.

He cut himself while shaving.

Enjoy yourselves!

We are looking at ourselves in the mirror.

Notice the difference between yourself and yourselves:

Milly, you can hurt yourself with this sharp knife.

Rebecca and Alex, you can hurt yourselves.

We do not use reflexive pronouns after the verbs relax, feel, concentrate, meet.

I feel nervous. I can’t concentrate. (not I can’t concentrate myself).

Shall we meet at 5 o’clock? (not shall we meet ourselves)

Reflexive prepositions cannot be used after a preposition of place. We normally use object pronouns after them.

I don’t have my telephone with me.

He saw a man standing next to him.

We can use BY to emphasize that the subject of the verb did something alone.

I cleaned the house by myself.

Mary travelled to Turkey all by herself.

Take a look at these expressions with reflexive pronouns:

Enjoy yourselves at the party!

Start behaving yourselves, children!

Make yourself at home!

Help yourself to a drink!

 

Exercise:

Fill in the gaps with the appropriate pronoun:

  1. Norman is looking at _________ in the mirror.
  2. I can’t pay for_______. Would you lend me some money?
  3. Oliver and Terry had to amuse _______ while their mother was in the kitchen.
  4. I’m so sorry I didn’t bring my camera with ______.
  5. If you want to succeed, you must believe in _______.
  6. We enjoyed _______ at the party last night.
  7. Laura is drying ______ with a towel.
  8. The cat is licking ________.
  9. Our children prepared lunch __________.
  10. I could never do it ________!

 

Key: 1.himself, 2. myself, 3. themselves, 4. me, 5. yourself, 6. ourselves, 7. herself, 8. itself, 9. by themselves, 10. by myself

 

 

 

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