Comparison of Adjectives and Adverbs – Comparatives

Comparatives are used to compare two or more things. Look at these sentences:

I’ll buy this jacket. It’s warmer.

Don’t take that sweater. It’s more expensive.

  • After comparatives we use than:

It’s cheaper to go by train than to go by taxi.

It’s more comfortable to stay in a hotel than in a tent.

  • If the adjective has only one syllable, then we add the suffix –er to it:

I need a larger sweater.

You look thinner. Have you lost weight?

  • Two-syllable adjectives ending in –y are formed in the same way as monosyllable ones:

easy – easier, noisy- noisier, cozy- cozier, pretty- prettier, ugly-uglier, early – earlier

I was going to come earlier but I couldn’t because of the traffic.

Walking is easier than running.

  • as well as some other two-syllable adjectives such as:

quiet – quieter/more quiet, clever – cleverer/more clever, narrow – narrower/more narrow, simple – simpler/more simple, etc.

Your neighbourhood is quieter/more quiet than mine.

Streets in Spain are narrower/more narrow than the streets in Russia.

  • For other two or more syllables adjectives we use more…

Hotels by the sea coast are more expensive than the ones in the country.

I am more interested in Biology than in History.

  • We also use more… for adverbs ending in –ly:

We should consider his offer more seriously.

Could you please drive more slowly?                

  • Also, we say more often:

You should write more often.

  • There are also irregular adjectives and adverbs:

good – better; bad, ill – worse; much, many – more; little – less

  • Before the comparative forms of adjectives and adverbs, we can use a bit, a little, much, a lot, far…

This house is far bigger than the one we watched before.

It’s much more expensive to travel by plane than by car.




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