Comparison of Adjectives and Adverbs – Comparatives

Comparatives are used to compare two or more things. Look at these sentences:

I’ll buy this jacket. It’s warmer.

Don’t take that sweater. It’s more expensive.

  • After comparatives we use than:

It’s cheaper to go by train than to go by taxi.

It’s more comfortable to stay in a hotel than in a tent.

  • If the adjective has only one syllable, then we add the suffix –er to it:

I need a larger sweater.

You look thinner. Have you lost weight?

  • Two-syllable adjectives ending in –y are formed in the same way as monosyllable ones:

easy – easier, noisy- noisier, cozy- cozier, pretty- prettier, ugly-uglier, early – earlier

I was going to come earlier but I couldn’t because of the traffic.

Walking is easier than running.

  • as well as some other two-syllable adjectives such as:

quiet – quieter/more quiet, clever – cleverer/more clever, narrow – narrower/more narrow, simple – simpler/more simple, etc.

Your neighbourhood is quieter/more quiet than mine.

Streets in Spain are narrower/more narrow than the streets in Russia.

  • For other two or more syllables adjectives we use more…

Hotels by the sea coast are more expensive than the ones in the country.

I am more interested in Biology than in History.

  • We also use more… for adverbs ending in –ly:

We should consider his offer more seriously.

Could you please drive more slowly?                

  • Also, we say more often:

You should write more often.

  • There are also irregular adjectives and adverbs:

good – better; bad, ill – worse; much, many – more; little – less

  • Before the comparative forms of adjectives and adverbs, we can use a bit, a little, much, a lot, far…

This house is far bigger than the one we watched before.

It’s much more expensive to travel by plane than by car.

 

Exercises:

  1. It is ___________ in the country than in the city. (quiet)
  2. I must admit I feel ________ since I stopped smoking (good)
  3. Judith works __________ than most of her friends (much hard)
  4. I expected you to be here ________. (early)
  5. The bus was packed with people. It was _________ than usual. (crowded)
  6. This Math problem is not complicated. It’s _______ than you think. (simple)
  7. You should visit us __________. (often)
  8. I like the country. It’s ___________ and ___________ than where I live. (healthy, peaceful)
  9. Could you please read ___________. (a bit/slowly)
  10. Your English has improved. You speak ________ than before. (fluently)

 

Key: 1) quieter/more quiet, 2) better, 3) much harder, 4) earlier, 5) more crowded, 6) simpler/more simple, 7) more often, 8) healthier, more peaceful, 9) a bit more slowly, 10) more fluently.

Click on this link to download the exercises for this grammar unit

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