We use adverbs to modify verbs, adjectives and clauses.
We distinguish several kinds of adverbs:
Adverbs of manner describe how something is done:
She sings beautifully.
He drives carefully.
Adverbs of manner are normally formed by adding -ly to the corresponding adjective; e.g. easy – easily, quiet – quietly, successful – successfully.
A few adverbs have the same form as the corresponding adjectives: e.g. fast, late, near, hard, high, early, etc.
She’s a hard worker. She works hard.
John is a fast runner. He runs fast.
The forms lately, nearly, hardly, deeply, highly also exist, but have a narrower meaning than their corresponding adjectives:
lately = recently; deeply = profoundly; nearly = almost; hardly = scarcely, almost not, with difficulty
Adverbs of frequency describe how often something happens:
They usually have lunch at two o’clock.
He sometimes works overtime.
Adverbs of frequency are: always, usually, generally, normally, sometimes, occasionally, often, seldom, rarely, never, etc.
These adverbs usually go between the subject and the verb:
I always have a big breakfast.
They often visit us.
If the tense uses an auxiliary verb, the adverb goes after the auxiliary, but before the verb:
We’ll never forget your kindness.
Jane doesn’t always work on Fridays.
Adverbs of place answer the question where:
Jane works here.
I saw him at the bus stop.
Adverbs of time answer the question when:
We have a lot of work to do today.
John will visit us at five o’clock.
We saw them yesterday.
Write the adverbs: quick, slow, fast, careful, stupid, dangerous, good, hard, clever, nice, bad, intelligent, polite, rude, brave, early.
(Answer: quickly, slowly, fast, carefully, stupidly, dangerously, well, hard, cleverly, nicely, badly, intelligently, politely, rudely, bravely, early)